There Was No Agreement The Great Powers

The United States remains at the forefront, but the legitimacy, effectiveness and sustainability of its leaders are increasingly being challenged around the world because of the complexity of its internal and external challenges. … The European Union could compete for the world`s number two, but this would require a more robust political union, with a common foreign policy and a common defence capacity. … On the other hand, China`s remarkable economic dynamism, its ability to make decisive political decisions motivated by clearly motivated and self-centered national interests, justify its relative freedom from debilitating external commitments and its ever-increasing military potential, coupled with the global expectation that it will soon challenge America`s first global status to place China just below the United States in the current international hierarchy. … A sequential ranking of other major powers beyond the first two would be imprecise at best. However, each list must include Russia, Japan and India, as well as the informal leaders of the EU: Britain, Germany and France. [75] Officially, China remained a unified country. In practice, from the mid-19th century to the 1920s, European powers and Japan took effective control of some port cities and their surroundings. [179] Technically, they exercised an “extraterritoriality” imposed in a series of unequal contracts.

[180] [181] The “Scramble for Africa” was created by the unexpected acquisition of Egypt by Great Britain in 1882. In response, it became a “free-for-all” for control of the rest of Africa, as Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Portugal greatly developed their colonial empires in Africa. The King of Belgium personally controlled the Congo. The bases along the coast become the nucleus of colonies that have spread inland. [150] In the 20th century, the struggle for Africa was widely denounced by anti-imperialist spokespeople. But at the time, it was touted as a solution to the terrible violence and exploitation caused by adventurers, slavers and exploiters. [151] Bismarck led the attempt to stabilize the situation by the Berlin Conference from 1884 to 1885.

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